A team of researchers from University College Dublin, together with scientists from Serbia and Slovenia, analyzed satellite images of the South Carpathian Basin in Central Europe. As a result, more than 100 previously unknown archaeological sites dating back approximately 3,500 years were identified.
Photo: Openverse by Odense Bys Museer is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0
According to the Heritage Daily portal, the discovered artifacts are mainly located on the territory of Serbia and are not visible to the naked eye from the ground.
Some of the major finds were already known to science, but a new study unexpectedly revealed that these fortified cities that stood at that time were not built by chance. Their general arrangement created a network of tightly knit and interdependent communities where the population probably reached tens of thousands of people.
More than 100 such structures have been identified within the South Carpathian Basin, especially in the areas of the Tisza River. These sites were characterized in a research paper entitled Tisza Site Group (TSG). Most of the sites in the TSG network are within five kilometers of each other, indicating the possible existence of a “cooperative community” in ancient times.
Satellite images, confirmed by archaeological excavations, showed that these settlements had a regular round shape and were surrounded by powerful defensive structures, Rossiyskaya Gazeta reports.
The scientists also note that the TSG network likely played an important role as a center of innovation in prehistoric Europe. These discoveries indicate a complex society, and the buildings themselves date back to the heyday of the Mycenaeans, Hittites and the New Kingdom of Ancient Egypt, which occurred between 1500 and 1200 BC. BC e.