The doctor named the main danger of smoking


21.11.2023 14:35

One of the main habits that can negatively affect the thyroid gland is tobacco use. Doctor of Medical Sciences, endocrinologist and nutritionist from the SM-Clinic clinic spoke about this. Oksana Mikhaleva in a conversation with Gazeta.Ru.

“For those who smoke, the combination of smoking and iodine deficiency significantly increases the risk of developing <...> diffuse toxic goiter and endocrine ophthalmopathy – these are autoimmune diseases that occur in individuals with a genetic predisposition. One of the provoking factors of these serious chronic diseases is smoking,” – noted the specialist.

Mikhaleva emphasized that unauthorized use of dietary supplements can also lead to rapid destruction of thyroid cells. She said iodine intake of no more than 500 micrograms per day is considered safe, but supplements containing high doses of iodine are rarely tested.

In addition, the doctor emphasized that consumption of soy products is harmful to the functioning of the thyroid gland, since their frequent consumption can lead to “enlargement of the thyroid gland and the formation of nodules.”

“Soybeans contain isoflavonoids that slow down the activity of the peroxidase enzyme in the thyroid gland. This enzyme is necessary for the formation of hormones in thyroid cells. The risk is especially high in case of iodine deficiency,” the expert emphasized.

Author Makar Gorshenin

Makar Vadimovich Gorshenin is a student at the Moscow University of Finance and Law, a freelance correspondent for Pravda.Ru.

Specialist Shcherbakov Sergey

Diagnoses and treats the full range of endocrine diseases, including thyroid diseases, diabetes mellitus types 1 and 2, obesity, short stature, osteoporosis, problems associated with hair loss, gynecomastia in men

Specialist Eliseeva Victoria

Engaged in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases such as overweight, obesity, carbohydrate metabolism disorders, impaired glucose tolerance, glycemia, thyroid diseases, adrenal diseases, pituitary diseases, osteoporosis, hyperprolactinemia

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