The probability of a woman being inactive in Morocco is 73%, and the percentage increases for married women (Planning Commission)

The High Commission for Planning said, in a new study on women’s participation in the labor market, that the inactivity rate of women in Morocco reaches 73 percent, which is a much higher rate than the rate of men, estimated at about 7.5 percent.

The study, conducted within the framework of the Technical Assistance Partnership – Expertise Mechanism, confirmed that this disparity is more evident among married women, whose probability of being inactive reaches 81.9 percent (3.1 percent among married men), compared to young women between the ages of 25 and 34 years. With a probability of 79.4% (3.3% in young people).

The results also showed that the participation of women and men in the labor market depends on their life cycle, highlighting the different paths and challenges related to gender.

For women, the odds of inactivity take a U-shaped curve, tending to decrease, going from an 83 percent chance for the youngest (age 25-26) to a 72 percent chance at ages 43-44, then increasing to 77.6 percent. .

While for men, the probability of inactivity increases with age, rising from 5 percent for the youngest (25-26 years old) to 24 percent for those aged 57-59 years.

Moreover, education stands out as a major factor determining women’s inactivity, as changes in odds between education levels are more pronounced for women than for men, and thus, people without a degree have the highest odds of inactivity, with clear differences among men ( 6.8 percent) and women (80.8 percent).

However, as educational level advances, the odds of inactivity decrease significantly by 42 percentage points for highly educated women to 38.6 percent. For men, given their lower level, the probability of being inactive only decreases by 1.7 percentage points.

On the other hand, studying the possibilities of inactivity at the regional level reveals the significant impact of the geographical and socio-economic context on women’s participation in the labor market.

In contrast to men, whose odds of being inactive are no more than 8 percent across the board, women’s odds are more spread out.

In fact, women in the Laayoune-Sakia El Hamra region are most likely to be inactive, with a probability of up to 87 percent, followed by the eastern region and the Souss-Massa region, where the probability of inactivity reaches 83 percent and 82 percent, respectively.

On the other hand, the regions of Tangier-Tetouan Al Hoceima, Casablanca-Settat, and Rabat-Salé-Kenitra have the lowest probabilities among the regions, although they are still high, reaching 68 percent, 70.8 percent, and 74.9 percent, respectively.

This study aims to identify the multidimensional patterns of women who are likely not to participate in the labor market, as well as to highlight the interactions between the individual, social and contextual constraints they face.

It also sheds light on the complexity of the constraints to which women’s participation in the Moroccan labor market is subjected through a cross-sectional approach related to gender, combining quantitative and qualitative research methodologies.

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