What happened on November 22: a day in history | November 22, 2023

The Wright brothers created the first airplane company

Americans Orville and Wilbur Wright became famous in history as the designers of the world’s first powered aircraft capable of controlled flight. They also own many patents for various innovative inventions that made possible the further development of aircraft manufacturing in the world.

On November 22, 1909, the Wright brothers founded the world’s first airplane manufacturing company, the Wright Company, with an aircraft plant in Dayton and a test airfield and pilot training school at Huffman Prairie.

Psychologist Day in Russia

Psychologist Day in Russia is celebrated on November 22, in honor of the first congress of the Russian Psychological Society in 1994. The holiday is not official, but is professional for all specialists in the field of psychology.

National Hockey League formed

On November 22, 1917, the National Hockey League (NHL) was formed in Canada, a professional sports organization uniting hockey clubs in the United States and Canada. The NHL became one of the first professional hockey leagues in the world. At the time of its creation, the league united five Canadian clubs – the Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Maroons, Toronto Arenas, Ottawa Senators and Quebec Bulldogs.

International Sons Day

In 2023, Sons’ Day is celebrated on November 22. In Russia, its traditions as a holiday have not yet been fully formed, while in Yakutia, since 2017, every second Sunday in April, Sons’ Day is celebrated as a regional holiday designed to “strengthen the family and family values.”

Assassination of John Kennedy

On November 22, 1963, an assassination attempt was made on US President John F. Kennedy in Dallas. Several shots were fired as the presidential motorcade passed through the city streets. The first bullet hit the president in the neck, the second in the head. Kennedy was taken to the hospital, where he was pronounced dead half an hour later.

According to the official investigation, which lasted four years, Lee Harvey Oswald was named as the president’s killer (he was shot dead in police custody two days after his arrest).

Official data on Kennedy’s assassination is quite contradictory, and therefore the death of the 35th President of the United States is associated with many conspiracy theories. In 1992, by order of President George Bush Sr. All documents containing information about the assassination attempt on Kennedy were classified as secret for a period of 25 years.

Resignation of Margaret Thatcher

Margaret Thatcher, who held office prime minister Great Britain in 1979-1990, for her policies she went down in history under the nickname “Iron Lady”. She became the first woman to hold this position in the UK, as well as the first woman to become prime minister European state.

Her premiership became the longest in the 20th century.

Thatcher resigned from office prime minister and Chairman of the Conservative Party on November 22, 1990 because of disagreements with members of her government. Time magazine named Margaret Thatcher one of the 100 outstanding people of the 20th century in the “Leaders and Revolutionaries” category.

Source: AP 2023

Seizure of the Georgian Parliament by opponents of President Eduard Shevardnadze

November 2003 went down in Georgian history as the “Rose Revolution”. The main reason for protests in the country was the alleged falsification of the parliamentary elections on November 2, 2003.

On November 22, the first day of the new Georgian parliament, the protests reached their peak. On this day, oppositionists led by Mikheil Saakashvili, holding roses in their hands (hence the name of the revolution), seized the parliament building and forced President Eduard Shevardnadze to leave the hall, accompanied by bodyguards. A state of emergency was declared in the country, but the police and troops did not support the current president. On the evening of November 23, Shevardnadze held a meeting with opposition leaders Saakashvili and Zhvania, after which he announced his resignation.

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